The Layoff and Bumping Process in Cincinnati

At a Glance:

Location: Cincinnati, Ohio

Date: 2011

Vital Condition: Basic Needs for Health and Safety, Meaningful Work and Wealth

Determinants of Health: substance use, employment, employment

Affected Population: People with Chronic and Multiple Chronic Health Conditions

Research Methods: Literature review, Focus Groups, Primary research, Qualitative research

Community Types: urban

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At the request of City of Cincinnati employees, the Cincinnati Health Department (CHD) Health Impact Assessment (HIA) Committee studied the health impacts experienced by workers impacted directly and indirectly from the layoff or the bumping process. When a senior union member’s position is eliminated, s/he can ‘bump’ a junior employee out of his or position. The following are 5 employee groups that the project studied: terminated, bumped, layoff survivors, supervisors, and the employees who have to tell someone that they are being bumped or losing a job. The HIA team reviewed literature concerning layoffs and downsizing and the mental health impacts and work environment impacts on employees and survivors of the layoff process. Job insecurity leads to worse job attitudes, and adverse health outcomes including depression, increased alcohol consumption and increase in work injuries (Moore, Grunberg, Anderson-Connolly, & Greenberg, 2003). The report contains mitigation recommendations based on best practices for different employee groups affected by layoff and bumping.

This Health Impact Assessment Report first appeared in The Cross-Sector Toolkit for Health. The Cross-Sector Toolkit for Health was originally developed by the Health Impact Project, formerly a collaboration of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and The Pew Charitable Trusts. The creation of this resource was supported by a grant from the Health Impact Project. The views expressed are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Pew Charitable Trusts, or the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

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