Maternity Leave in the Palau Workforce

At a Glance:

Location: Republic of Palau

Date: 2013

Vital Condition: Belonging and Civic Muscle, Meaningful Work and Wealth

Determinants of Health: employment, belonging and civic muscle, meaningful work and wealth, employment

Affected Population: Children and Youth

Research Methods: Literature review, Focus Groups, Stakeholder Interviews, Survey, Qualitative research

Community Types: urban, suburban, rural

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The Palau Health Impact Assessment Working Group, in partnership with Ulkerreuil A Klengar, conducted a rapid health impact assessment of S.B. 9-20-SD2, which would require all employers to provide up to three month maternity leave to pregnant employees, with the option for an additional month of unpaid leave. The current law covers maternity leave only for permanent employees of the national government. Approximately 20% of the female workforce are employees of public corporations, the private sector, or state government and are thus not covered. The HIA found that providing universal maternity leave would likely have positive health benefits for both the child and mother, as well as developmental benefits for the child. The HIA endorsed passing the bill.

This Health Impact Assessment Report first appeared in The Cross-Sector Toolkit for Health. The Cross-Sector Toolkit for Health was originally developed by the Health Impact Project, formerly a collaboration of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and The Pew Charitable Trusts. The creation of this resource was supported by a grant from the Health Impact Project. The views expressed are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Pew Charitable Trusts, or the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

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