Long Beach Downtown Plan

At a Glance:

Location: Long Beach, California

Date: 2011

Vital Condition: Humane Housing, Meaningful Work and Wealth

Determinants of Health: employment, affordable housing, housing, employment

Affected Population: Black, Indigenous, and People of Color, People Living in Poverty, People with Chronic and Multiple Chronic Health Conditions

Research Methods: Literature review, Qualitative research, Quantitative research

Community Types: urban

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Human Impact Partners, in collaboration with East Yard Communities for Environmental Justice and Californians for Justice, conducted a rapid HIA to examine how the proposed Long Beach Downtown Plan would impact the health and employment of residents, particularly low-income and vulnerable populations. The Long Beach Downtown Plan is a 25-year plan to add approximately 5,000 new residential units; 384,000 square feet of new retail; 96,000 square feet of restaurants; 800 new hotel rooms; 1.5 million square feet of new office spaces; and approximately 5,200 jobs. The HIA found that the current proposed plan would likely lead to an increase in housing displacement and unemployment rates for existing low-income residents, which may have negative health effects. The HIA made several recommendations, including adoption of affordable housing and local hiring community benefits to mitigate the impacts to low-income residents.


Although residents and health advocates in Long Beach used the HIA findings to advocate for changes to the proposed Downtown Plan, the Long Beach City Council approved the Plan without taking into account the findings and recommendations in the HIA. Community stakeholders used the HIA findings in their local media campaigns. It is anticipated that the HIA findings will be presented at future Planning Commission and City Council hearings. Conducting the HIA garnered additional interest in bringing an analysis of health impacts into future decision-making processes in Long Beach and has opened the doors for connecting community partners with additional funders.

This Health Impact Assessment Report first appeared in The Cross-Sector Toolkit for Health. The Cross-Sector Toolkit for Health was originally developed by the Health Impact Project, formerly a collaboration of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and The Pew Charitable Trusts. The creation of this resource was supported by a grant from the Health Impact Project. The views expressed are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Pew Charitable Trusts, or the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

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