King Street Station Multimodal Hub

At a Glance:

Location: Seattle, Washington

Date: 2011

Vital Condition: Basic Needs for Health and Safety, Belonging and Civic Muscle, Meaningful Work and Wealth, Reliable Transportation, Thriving Natural World

Determinants of Health: clean air, neighborhood safety, noise, meaningful work and wealth, nutrition, belonging and civic muscle, active transportation, transit system, traffic safety, clean water, physical activity, active transportation

Affected Population: Black, Indigenous, and People of Color, Older Adults, People Living in Poverty, People with Disabilities

Research Methods: Literature review, Quantitative research, Primary research

Community Types: urban

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This rapid health impact assessment (HIA), produced by a team of University of Washington graduate students, identifies potential health concerns and action items as the Seattle Department of Transportation (SDOT) launches a multiyear effort designed to improve infrastructure in the area surrounding King Street Station in the Pioneer Square and Chinatown-International District neighborhoods.

The King Street Station Multimodal Hub (KSSMH), just south of downtown Seattle, takes its name from the array of transportation options that serve the site, including intercity trains, local and regional bus service, light rail, and, in the future, a streetcar. The KSSMH area also encounters heavy use by pedestrians, cyclists, general vehicle traffic, and freight. However, the dispersed nature of these various transportation options makes the area challenging to navigate. This HIA’s quarter-mile study area straddles two distinct but similarly historic neighborhoods: Pioneer Square and Chinatown/International District. Both neighborhoods feature clusters of restaurants, cafes, food markets, shops, galleries, and cultural activities, as well as social services organizations, housing, and major employers. The neighborhood’s residents are more racially diverse, generally older, and less affluent than Seattle as a whole, according to the 2000 U.S. Census. In addition, the area serves thousands of commuters and visitors not captured by the census data.

Through meetings with relevant stakeholders, SDOT developed nine consensus goals for the KSSMH project. This HIA focused primarily on two of those goals: (1) build a lid over the openings at street level above railroad tracks and (2) Restoring the street grid pattern of the area by closing the 2nd Avenue Extension.

This Health Impact Assessment Report first appeared in The Cross-Sector Toolkit for Health. The Cross-Sector Toolkit for Health was originally developed by the Health Impact Project, formerly a collaboration of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and The Pew Charitable Trusts. The creation of this resource was supported by a grant from the Health Impact Project. The views expressed are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Pew Charitable Trusts, or the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

Assessment Reports

King Street Station Multimodal Hub

King Street Station Multimodal Hub

This is a rapid health impact assessment used to identify potential health concerns and action items of a multiyear effort to improve infrastructure around King...

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