Genesee Valley Greenway

At a Glance:

Location: Monroe County and Livingston County, New York

Date: 2018

Vital Condition: Basic Needs for Health and Safety, Reliable Transportation

Determinants of Health: nutrition, food access, parks, active transportation, physical activity, parks

Research Methods: Quantitative research, Qualitative research, Literature review

Community Types: urban, rural

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The 90-mile Genesee Valley Greenway (GVG) State Park in western New York is an open-space corridor that passes through woodlands, wetlands, valleys, farmlands, glacial gorges, and historic villages as part of an interstate trail system. This HIA focused on the northernmost 50-mile portion in Monroe and Livingston counties. Addressing current issues related to public access, infrastructure, and safety could help to maximize the greenway’s potential health benefits.

Key obstacles preventing equitable enjoyment of the greenway include trail surface conditions, safe road crossings, and access barriers for older adults, individuals with disabilities, low-income and at-risk populations, and residents reliant on public transit.

  • Existing trail conditions are rough and composed of soil, grass, and cinders, as opposed to stone dust.
  • The GVG crosses many state or county routes with intersections that are not clearly marked with pedestrian-crossing signs or other warnings.

The HIA found that portions of the northernmost 50 miles of the trail are not easily accessible or do not meet the needs of all potential users, which may contribute to health disparities. Recommendations were focused within four social determinants of health and included enhancing physical activity, social cohesion, food access, and safety. They include changing trail surfaces from dirt to stone dust to boost accessibility for all users, including cyclists and people using wheelchairs; improving the roads throughout two counties; expanding social programs to better reach and serve individuals with disabilities, older adults, and vulnerable populations; and establishing trail evaluation and monitoring protocols to identify the number and types of users on the greenway.


The Genesee Valley Greenway State Park enacted recommendations that called for counters to be installed at access points near population centers to measure trail usage. Further, the greenway received $6.5 million in funding from The New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation, the state Department of Transportation, and the Ralph C. Wilson Foundation to make the trails compliant with standards set in the Americans with Disabilities Act.

This Health Impact Assessment Report first appeared in The Cross-Sector Toolkit for Health. The Cross-Sector Toolkit for Health was originally developed by the Health Impact Project, formerly a collaboration of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and The Pew Charitable Trusts. The creation of this resource was supported by a grant from the Health Impact Project. The views expressed are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Pew Charitable Trusts, or the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

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