California’s Senate Bill 375 mandates that each regional government in California develop and adopt plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, in part through developing Regional Transportation Plans and Sustainable Communities Strategies that will guide local land use, transportation, and other decisions important to greenhouse gas emissions. California Rural Legal Assistance (CRLA) conducted two health impact assessments (HIA) to inform the metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs) in Kern County and Fresno County, California as they develop these plans. The HIAs examine the ways in which these plans may influence factors important to health, such as access to sidewalks, bike lanes and open space, healthy foods, and healthcare services, and exposure to air pollution.
To conduct the HIAs, CRLA engaged the two MPOs and community-based stakeholder organizations to develop strategies to mitigate negative health outcomes and promote health. The HIAs will inform both the development of the plan and the subsequent environmental impact review that each county will undertake as part of the decision-making process.
Supported by funding from The California Endowment.
This Health Impact Assessment Report first appeared in The Cross-Sector Toolkit for Health. The Cross-Sector Toolkit for Health was originally developed by the Health Impact Project, formerly a collaboration of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and The Pew Charitable Trusts. The creation of this resource was supported by a grant from the Health Impact Project. The views expressed are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Pew Charitable Trusts, or the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.