The California Department of Public Health, in collaboration with the California Public Health Institute, conducted an HIA to inform the development of new carbon ‘cap and trade’ regulations (Assembly Bill 32) by the California Air Resources Board. The new regulations are intended to reduce the state’s greenhouse gas emissions by imposing a cap on the amount of carbon dioxide that large industry can emit. The HIA focused on cap and trade program impacts with the greatest potential to affect health including changes in emissions, changes in employment and labor demand, and economic, environmental and health impacts from specific offset projects. The HIA made several recommendations, including measures to mitigate adverse impacts of employment transitions due to labor market shifts, measures to address impacts on low-income households due to potential rising energy expenditures, and support for surveillance of health risks to monitor impacts of implementation of Assembly Bill 32 and cap and trade. The HIA also recommended that a significant portion of the revenues generated from cap and trade be allocated to improve the health of vulnerable and disadvantaged communities.
This Health Impact Assessment Report first appeared in The Cross-Sector Toolkit for Health. The Cross-Sector Toolkit for Health was originally developed by the Health Impact Project, formerly a collaboration of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and The Pew Charitable Trusts. The creation of this resource was supported by a grant from the Health Impact Project. The views expressed are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Pew Charitable Trusts, or the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.